Prevent is to know what an act of terrorism, extremism or any other hate crime is and know the correct steps to prevent it from happen. These steps are Recognize, Share and Report.

People can become radicalized by having strong beliefs within a certain topic such as religion, race and culture, then having conflict with individuals who have a different opinion or belief.

Some signs of someone becoming radicalized is if they attitude, they participate in certain activities anymore and personality start changing. That they become more secretive and get triggered more easily to anything that could spark a debate within their beliefs.

A creative way to help the prevent strategy is if are create more of a media outcry about it. Things such as having posters around public places to catch peoples eyes. To create more documents about it on television and radio.


Narrative Structure

Linear Narrative: A story that is told from the start to the end in chronological order. There are no side stories or diversions that break up the main timeline. An example is the movie “The Blues Brothers”

Non-Linear Narrative: Where the story can have any order it wants. This can include things such as spin offs, side stories, flashbacks and special episodes for a specific character. A good example of this are the “Star Wars” movies.

Flashbacks: Flashbacks are used within a story to show a characters back story or to remind the watcher of something that happened long ago within the series that is relevant to the current plot. The transitions into these flashbacks can be anything from a bright light to a dream sequence. Another common transition is when the camera zooms into the characters face and/or eyes. An example of this would be the television series “My Name is Earl” where the whole plot is followed by past events.

Single Strand Narrative Structure: This narrative is when the movie and/or television series is based on one story line. This can however be based on one or more main characters as long as it focuses on the same story line. This is the most common structure of filming. An example of a movie that does this is Harry Potter where the story follows him and his friends.

Multi Strand Narrative Structure: This is the narrative that has several story lines going on at the same time with several different characters. This is more commonly seen in soap operas such as Eastenders or television series that have a lot of characters such as Game of Thrones.

Close Endings: A closed narrative is when it reaches its conclusion with no possible sequel within that story line. Once the main story line is completed then that is the story over. The only way the story can continue is if it is a spin off with a different character that was introduced within the main story of the original series. A good example of this is “Breaking Bad” where the main character died closing the series, however had a spin off show called “Better Call Saul” that displayed events before the main story of Breaking Bad.

Open Narrative Structure: This is where a show has no start, middle or end; it is just a continuous story that often ends an episode with a cliffhanger to keep the watcher interested and curious. This is commonly found in soap operas such as HollyOaks.

Series Formats:

Breaking Bad is a television series that run from 2008 – 2013 lasting 5 seasons. The story follows Walter White, a chemistry teacher, who is working two jobs to maintain for his wife and disabled son. It is soon discovered that Walter has lung cancer and his medical treatment will put his family in serious debt when he inevitably dies. As Walter doesn’t want that, he bumps into his former student Jesse Pinkman who is a drug dealer. He decides to team up with Jesse and secretly cook meth to pay for his medical bills. However the road isn’t so easy as his brother in law works for the police force which cracks down on drug crime, plus all the power hungry drug dealers that conflict with Walters business.

Breaking Bad uses the linear narrative structure telling the story from start to finish. However there are a few cases of flashbacks within some episodes to get some detail and back story behind some characters and some scenes that start with the ending first, then goes back in time leading to the events of the ending. It finishes with main character dying with many others leaving the story by the end, causing it to have a closed ending.

Breaking Bad has the genres of crime, drama and thriller according to IMDb’s profile. This television series is rated 18+ meaning it is meant for a more mature adult audience as it had many scenes with drugs, violence, death, sex and a more mature language. According to YouGov, the most common audience within the UK that watches Breaking Bad are males aged between 25-39 and based mostly in central Scotland.

Breaking Bad Image: Anon, (2017). [image] Available at:×600-compressedV1.jpg [Accessed 7 Jan. 2017].
IMDb’s Breaking Bad Profile Page: Gilligan, V., Cranston, B., Paul, A. and Gunn, A. (2017). Breaking Bad (TV Series 2008–2013). [online] IMDb. Available at: [Accessed 7 Jan. 2017].
YouGov Demographics Page: YouGov Profiles LITE. (2017). YouGov Profiles LITE. [online] Available at: [Accessed 7 Jan. 2017].

Serial Format:

Eastenders is a British television soap that started airing in 1985 and is still airing on BBC 1 to this day. The show follows a small community of characters that live within the east end of London living their every day lives with added drama and conflicts between the characters with endless story lines, relationships and tales.

Eastenders uses the multi strand narrative structure, where there are several story lines happening at the same time within the show between several characters. Sometimes these stories can conflict with each other or blend into a bigger story line where they somehow link. Soaps don’t usually use flashbacks, however there are moments within these stories where a character can talk about something that happened within their past that was never shown on television. By doing this it can open up new stories, plot twists and even new characters that can get involved within the story line. The story is forever going as well as it is a serial, with no ending in sight. The way it keeps its viewers interested and keep coming back is by having most, if not all, episodes end on a cliff hanger with open stories where anything can happen.

The genre of Eastenders according to IMDb’s profile categorises it as a crime, drama and romance. It is for the audience of the ages 12 and up due to the adult styled stories and real life issues that get bought up within some of the stories. Eastenders shows violence, crime, passionate romance scenes as well as alcohol, drugs and smoking not making it ideal for a younger audience which could try and imitate characters they saw on television in real life. According to YouGov, the audience that watches Eastenders the most within the Uk are females aged between 25-39 mainly based within London.

Eastenders Cast 2016 Image: Anon, (2017). [image] Available at: [Accessed 7 Jan. 2017].
IMDb’s Eastenders Profile Page: Holland, T., Smith, J., McFadden, S., Woodyatt, A. and Brown, J. (2017). EastEnders (TV Series 1985– ). [online] IMDb. Available at: [Accessed 7 Jan. 2017].
YouGov Demographics Page: YouGov Profiles LITE. (2017). YouGov Profiles LITE. [online] Available at: [Accessed 7 Jan. 2017].

Single Drama Format:

Cyberbully (2015) is a one hour single drama based on a real life events as well as every day occurrence that can affect peoples lives when using the internet. This drama follows Casey, a teenage girl, who is living out any teenagers worst nightmare of having their privacy reviled to the world online. A hacker hacks her computer when she wants revenge on her ex-boyfriend for tweeting a personal mean tweet about her but then things start to get a bit strange when the hacker starts to threaten her. The hacker states that he hacks to help the victims of cyber-bullying. It is then shown that the hacker isn’t out to help Casey, but to show her that she is the bully. If Casey does not comply with the hacker, her personal photographs will be leaked and her life will be over.

The story is a single strand narrative structure as it has a beginning and an ending, in fact the whole drama is based in real time and is an hour long event making it a linear narrative as well. There are no flashbacks within the drama, however there are videos throughout the show that reflect on past events which are used against the main character as a blackmail. As this is one story, it does have an ending making it have the structure of a closed narrative, yet, the way it ended it could be continued from another persons perspective due to the openness of the topic.

The genre of this single drama according to IMDb’s profile, it is classified as a drama, mystery and thriller. The drama has the rating of 15+. Throughout the whole drama it uses mature language of cursing and teases provocative images of young adults but doesn’t show anything. There is also a showing of drugs being overdosed and an emotional suicide story that is emotionally damaging. The show is believed to be targeted at mid teens to young adults who are the most related to the topic of cyber-bullying in real life as it shows and sends a message of reality to the viewer. However this drama is also targeted towards older adults, especially parents, to send the same message to them to make them aware of the younger generation’s struggles with cyber-bullying and what happens behind closed doors. The drama made media saying how it shows the reality of bullying as well as how topical it really was.

Poster Image: Anon, (2017). [image] Available at: [Accessed 7 Jan. 2017].
IMDb’s Cyberbully Profile: Anon, (2017). [online] Available at: [Accessed 7 Jan. 2017].
Media Review of Cyberbully: Jodelka, F. (2017). Cyberbully: a Maisie Williams tour de force. The Guardian. [online] Available at: [Accessed 7 Jan. 2017].
Narrative Structure

Single and Multi Camera Production

What is single camera production?

Single camera production is a piece of media recorded with a single camera. It is more commonly used in things such as music videos, short films and low budget movies. The pro’s of this is that it is a lot more manageable to use and is more flexible for the type of shots that are available without worrying of the obstacles in the way such as other cameras. More pro’s of this production is that it is a lot cheaper on the budget during the production. This however is not a perfect way of filming as it means that the camera has to stay in the same area to film all the shots before moving to a different area for a different scene. Another negative fact about single camera production is that it is more time consuming due to the fact of there being only one camera recording with one memory slot per card plus the time it takes to move the camera and other equipment such as lighting and sound equipment around for the different scenes. Productions that use this technique of recording are drama shows with a set amount of episodes from the get go. The reason for this is that it is low budget and is a more manageable way to watch ratings for the shows to see it if it worth continuing the series. Examples of these kind of shows are ones such as Game of Thrones, Scrubs and House MD. It is more common to see single camera productions in shows that have different locations or time lines compared to shows that are in the same area or scenery for most of the show.

What is multi camera production?

Multi camera production is a piece of media that is recorded with multiple cameras. The cameras are usually set up in certain places throughout the recordings and do not move from their spots, only rotate. It is more common to see this kind of production in things such as talk shows and the news, things that are designed to be aired on television live. The pro’s of this is that it can get a lot more different angles for the recordings which would take less time to create compared to single camera production. Another pro is that as it takes less time to move stuff around to record the different angles and shots, it takes less time to edit footage for pre recorded shows such as soap operas. A con to this way of production is that it is a lot more expensive budget wise this way due to the equipment costs and manpower needed to operate it all. Another negative is even though there are more cameras on the set that can get more angles and shots, they are less flexible than single camera production due to the fact that they are limited to the amount of shots they can get. There is risk that they can catch other cameras in the shots as well as stage lighting, sound and other production members.

What is a Series, Serial and Single Drama?

Series – A series is a sequence of episodes in a television program that has an ending. An example of this is Friends.

Serial – A serial a television show that has no ending / continuous story. An example of this Eastenders and Hollyoaks.

Single Drama – A single drama is a single plot story with no continuation. It is considered as a one off special. An example of this is the BBC drama 7.39

Genres and Sub Genres?

Period Drama – A period drama is a drama show that is set in a certain time or era. An example of this is Downton Abby

Drama Documentary – A drama documentary is a documentary on a real life event such as World War 2 or the events of

Crime Drama – A crime drama focuses on people that work within the forces such as police and hospitals and shows their daily jobs and events from car chases to swat raids. An example of this is the TV show is Traffic Cops. Another example of crime dramas could be a mystery show where the main character is a detective. An example of this is the television show Castle.

Soap Opera – A soap opera is a serial television show that has no ending based on a fictional setting but follows the lives of certain characters. An example of this is Eastenders.

Comedy – A comedy television show is designed to be funny and humorous. It can be based of live stand up or a comedy sitcom such as Friends.

Horror- A horror television show is designed to be scary and thrilling with jump scares and fictional nightmarish horrors such as the television series Scream

What are genres?

Genres is the style of the product. It labels the show with the kind of content that is within it. So if something was labelled with the genre of comedy that lets the individual know that it is a show that was created to make the watcher laugh. Genres are important because of how it lists the program into its own category. It also lets people see similar or recommended shows that are within the same genre of the show that they watched.

The most popular type of genre that was on television in 2016 would be the genre of adventure and action. The examples of the type of television shows would be shows such as The Walking Dead, Arrow and The Flash. These shows often have a singular or a group of main characters with a load of side characters around them with us following them on their journey and any obstacles they may encounter. This information was obtained by

Statista. (2017). Most popular TV show genres in Europe 2016 | Statistic. [online] Available at: [Accessed 6 Jan. 2017].

Sub Genres are television or films that have more than one genre within it. For example, the movie Deadpool is classified with the genre of action but also has the genre of comedy. So both genres are put together to make it an Action/Comedy which is a sub genre. The positive thing about sub genres is that it appeals to more than one type of audience.


Single and Multi Camera Production